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National day of Catalonia - 11th Of September

You are here: » Barcelona » Facts about Barcelona » National Day


Rafael Casanova
Rafael Casanova (1660 - 1743)



Catalonia's National Day

The Catalans have celebrated their National Day, which is September 11th, since 1980. September 11th is a historic date in Catalan history. It refers to September 11th in 1714, when Barcelona was forced to surrender to the French and Castilian soldiers after a 13-month siege.

One of the rituals on National Day is the floral offering at the Rafael Casanova monument, one of the war heroes during the siege in 1714. The statue stands in Sant Boi, a suburb to the south of Barcelona.


Els Segadors - the national anthem

Sing along:

Catalunya, triomfant,
tornarà a ser rica i plena!
Endarrera aquesta gent
tan ufana i tan superba!
Bon cop de falç!
Bon cop de falç, defensors de la terra!
Bon cop de falç!
Ara és hora, segadors!
Ara és hora d'estar alerta!
Per quan vingui un altre juny
esmolem ben bé les eines!
(tornada)
Que tremoli l'enemic
en veient la nostra ensenya:
com fem caure espigues d'or,
quan convé seguem cadenes!
(tornada)

English translation:

Triumphant, Catalonia,
Will once again be rich and full!
We must not be the prey
Of those proud and arrogant invaders!

Chorus:
Let us swing the sickle!
Let us swing the sickle, defenders of our land!
Let us swing the sickle!

Now it is moment, oh reapers!
Now it is moment, to be alert!
Awaiting the arrival of another June
Let us sharpen our tools!

Chorus

May our enemy tremble
On seeing our noble flag:
Just as we reap the golden corn,
May we also cut free of the chains!

Chorus


La Senyera - the Catalan lag

According to a legend, La Senyera - as the Catalan flag is called- was first used during the 900's. That makes it one of the oldest flags in Europe still in use.

Legend explains that the four red bars represent the impression left by the fingers of King Charles II (the Bald) drenched with blood from the wounds of King Wilfred I (the Count of Barcelona, also known as Wilfred the Hairy) on Wilfred’s golden shield prior to his death in 897 during the siege of Barcelona.

La Senyera - The flag of Catalunya
 



Interested in Barcelona's modern historia? Find out more here.

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We have put together a 3-step Guide for accommodation in Barcelona. We explain the different types of accommodation available and how you can get the best rates.
 





 
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